The Migration Governance and Asylum Crises (MAGYC – 2018-2022) project, coordinated by the Hugo Observatory at the University of Liège (Belgium) explores how European migration policies are influenced by political crises triggered by migration. At a time when such policies are heavily contested across European member-states, and when asylum seems more threatened than ever, this project is critically important to improve our understanding of how migration policies are formulated and shaped by a context of crisis. The project gathers 13 partners from diverse European countries, as well as from Lebanon and Turkey. The project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant agreement number 822806).
The GIGA leads the Work Package “Comparing Crises”. This Work Package Comparing Crisis conducts comparative, multi-level analysis of the dynamics of South–South migration flows in key sending regions of migration to the EU. It maps how level of state stability interacts with migration flows as well as with related governance approaches in key migrant-sending regions. This is done by analysing, from a historical perspective, the national responses and proposals emerging in the aftermath of a perceived “migration crisis.” Bottom-up responses formulated by local authorities, non-governmental organisations, and migrants themselves are similarly examined. The ultimate goal here is to build a sound empirical base for effective European migration governance endeavours in the regions under study.